學名：Podocarpus macrophyllus (Thunb.) Sweet
英名：Yew Plum Pine, Buddhist Pine, Fern Pine
An evergreen tree in the genus Podocarpus, native to Central China, South China and Japan. It features dense twigs and leathery, shiny dark green and strap-shaped lanceolate leaves which are arranged in dense spirals. Dioecious, male inflorescences are spiky and fascicled in leaf axils while female flowers grow solitarily in leaf axils. ellipsoidal seeds are purple black covered with white powder, and the fleshy scale turn reddish purple. It blooms in spring and fruits in summer.
Grown in full-sun or partial shade warm environment. Saplings are shade-tolerant and can be planted in shaded areas. Apply organic or long-active fertilizers once every season. As a topiary tree, it should be trimmed as needed to remove shaggy to maintain the shape. Watch for pest infestation - Milionia basalis and Neophyllaphis podocarpi. Seeding is used to propagate.
It’s often trimmed into various natural or artificial tree shapes as a feature tree in a small garden or as hedgerows for its great windproof, soundproof and shading attributes. With delicate texture, it’s regarded a high-quality material for construction, making furniture, utensils, stationery, agricultural tools or even bathtubs in Japan.