土肉桂

樟科

學名:Cinnamomum osmophloeum Kaneh.

英名:Pseudo Cinnamomum、Indigenous Cinnamon

別名:山肉桂、臺灣肉桂、臺灣土玉桂、假肉桂

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簡介 Description

樟屬常綠喬木,臺灣特有種,分佈臺灣中、低海拔山區。小枝細長綠色。薄革質卵圓狀披針形葉互生三出脈。新葉紅色,葉背灰白色。聚繖狀圓錐花序腋生,白色花瓣6枚。核果卵圓形,成熟紫黑色。開花春季,結果夏季。

An evergreen tree in the genus Cinnamomum, endemic to Taiwan, distributed in the middle and low altitude mountains in Taiwan. Branchlets are slender and green. Thin leathery ovate-elliptic lanceolate leaves are alternate with triple nerves. Young leaves are red and grayish white on the back. Cymose panicle axillary with 6 white petals. It produces drupes which is oval-shaped and ripe purple black. Flowering in spring and fruiting in summer.

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栽培 Cultivation

適合全日照溫暖環境,幼樹略具耐陰性。適合酸性土壤,土壤應具有保水力。每季施用一次長效性肥料。修剪樹冠內的細弱枝與不良枝為主。繁殖可使用播種、空中壓條、扦插與嫁接法。

Suitable for full sun in warm environment, saplings are slightly shade tolerant. Grow well in acidic and water-retained soils. Apply long-active fertilizers once every season. Pruning the weak and defective branches in the crown. Seeding, air layering, cuttings and grafting are used to propagate.

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應用 Application

樹冠濃蔭密佈,是良好的遮蔭樹。樹皮可以替代肉桂,可直接採葉片嚼食或泡茶、浸酒飲用。葉片提取的精油,具有芳香、殺菌與增甜等功效,可添加於清潔用品與食品中。

The dense crown makes it a great shade tree. The bark can be a substitute of cinnamon and the leaf can be directly used to chew, brew tea, soak in wine and drink. The essential oil extracted from the leaves has the effects of aroma, sterilization and sweetening, and can be added into cleaning products and foods.